Traditional Chinese Medicine Education
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been around for thousands of years. Although the first recorded history of Traditional Chinese Medicine dates back over 2000 years, it is believed that the origins of TCM go back more than 5000 years.
Traditional Chinese Medicine has made great contribution to the health of Chinese people for thousands years, and it became an independent medical system in world medical field with its special clinical effect, rational theory system and rich practice experience. The first written documentation on Traditional Chinese Medicine is the HungDi NeiJing or Yellow Emperor's Cannon of Internal Medicine. HungDi NeiJing is the oldest medical textbook in the world. Different opinions date the book back to between 800 BC and 200 BC. Yellow Emperor's Cannon of Internal Medicine lays a primary foundation for the theories of Chinese medicine which extensively summarizes and systematizes the previous experience of treatment and theories of medicine.
It includes the meridian theory, as well as many other issues, including, physiology, pathology, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, acupuncture and moxibustion, tuina etc. The reason for the lastingness of Traditional Chinese Medicine lies in that it has great vitality. TCM has rational property, scientific theory system and rich contents. In this sense, the advantage of TCM is just the basis of TCM education. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chinese government has attached great importance to traditional Chinese medicine, formulating a series of guiding principles and policies to support and promote its development.
"Develop modern medicine and Chinese traditional medicine" was put into the Constitution and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine was established in 1986. Two years later, on the basis of the Administration, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology was established. It is responsible for the national management of traditional Chinese medicine and pharmacology, for formulation of developing strategies, guiding principles, policies, laws and regulations, in charge of TCM therapy, health care and rehabilitation programs of traditional Chinese medicine, integrated traditional and western medicine and nationality medicine; and development of scientific techniques, as well as in comprehensive control of the equilibrium between production, supply and marketing of traditional Chinese medicine.
Traditional Chinese Medicine Education has developed gradually higher and secondary professional education, postgraduate education. The TCM higher education has been expanded in scale and its professional structure has been rationally regulated. In education of university and college level, with the advance of the reform, some specialized subjects such as TCM foundations, orthopedics and traumatology, massage, preparation of Chinese medicine have been gradually added on the bases of the subjects of traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese pharmacology and acupuncture.