Located at Hunan Province, Changsha city is the provincial capital. Since about 150,000-200,000 years ago, there has been human activities in Changsha. The New Stone Age entered into the Longshan Culture Stage in about 2500 BC. It is said that the primogenitors called Yan emperor and Yellow emperor once came to Changsha.
Changsha was charged by the ancient country named Sanmiao in Xia Dynasty. In the end of Spring and Autumn periods of China, the force of the country named Chu (Jingchu) entered into Changsha. In the mid-term of Warring States periods of China, the country Chu carried out political reform so it was very powerful, doing large-scale military action to south of itself and the whole land of Hunan province being contained in the map of Chu, Changsha became an important military state in the south of Chu which built cities in Changsha.
The industries of this city are mainly machine building, food and textile. So far as the cigarette making industry is concerned, it is the important producing area. Liuyang is the biggest fireworks and fire-crackers producing area of China. The agriculture is developed here which abounds in producing rice, tea leaves, oranges, tangerines, rape, rapeseeds, peanut, day lily, live pig and fresh water fish etc. The tea leave output is among the top of the whole country.
Changsha city is the famous city of historical culture in China. Its Yuelu Academy of classical Learning was established in the Song Dynasty, being the first government run university in China. Besides, there are picturesque Yuelu Mountain and Jiezizhou (tangerine land) etc. scenic spots. Famous specialties of tradition are Xiangxiu ( Hunan embroidery), brass or copper wares, tea set, orange and tangerine etc.