Dalian is in Liaoning Province. It lies in the most southern part of Liaodong Peninsula. It is one of the most important industry base and main seaport in China. As early as 6000 years ago, our ancestors first exploited Dalian region. In Qin and Han period (221B.C.-220A.D.), Dalian region was under the jurisdiction of Liaodong county. In the early period of Tang Dynasty (618-907), Dalian region was under the jurisdiction of Andong Prefecture in Jili state. During the 1st and 2nd Opium War, Dalian was invaded and harassed by the British army. As the main battlefield of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 and Japanese-Russian War, Dalian suffered great calamity in these two wars in modern history. Consequently, Dalian became Russian and Japanese colony for nearly half a century, meanwhile under the Japanese colonial rule for 40 years. The unconditional surrender of Japan on August of 1945 marks the liberation of Dalian in the anti-fascist war, thus ends 40 years colonial rule over the city. In 1984, Dalian was approved by the State Council to be the coastal open-up city and was designated as the city with separate economic plan in 1985, enjoying provincial level decision-making authority.
The industries in Dalian is the important in China. Machine and chemical industry are the main parts. Metallurgy, petroleum refinery, textile, food and electronics are developing in a high speed too. In the recent years, the development of economical technology industries that is being built has taken shape. Amongst its main agricultural products, there are corn, paddy rice, peanut, beans and tussah cocoon. Fishery and fruit growing are very flourishing too. The cultivation of sea cucumber, sea tangle, prawn and shell is the important China . The output of apples is in the first place.
Dalian port is one of China's main seaports. The loading and unloading capacity is in the third place in China . Majority kinds of ships can harbor at Dalian port. The airplanes here not only can take you to Shanghai, Tianjing, Qingdao and so many littoral cities in China, but also can send you to nearly 150 foreign countries and cities all over the world. Every August, Dalian holds the Dalian Clothing Festival.