Xiamen is in the southern part of Fujian Province. Xiamen is one of the first five special economic zones (SEZ) in China administrating 6 districts:Siming, Huli, Jimei ,Haicang,Tong'an and Xiang’an. South Fujian Dialect is the language which is predominantly spoken in Xiamen.It is said it was once egret inhabited place,so it is also called ”Egret Island”.
The history of Xiamen dates back to the ancient times. It was part of Tong'an County, which was established in the 3rd year of Emperor Taikang's reign in the Jin Dynasty (282 A.D.). The County was first under Jin'an Prefecture but was later merged into Nan'an County. In the 19th year of Emperor Zhengyuan's reign in the Tang Dynasty (803 A.D), Datong Square was set up in Southwest Nan'an County and later became Tong'an County under Quanzhou in the 4th year of Emperor Changxing's reign in the Late Tang Dynasty (933 A.D).
Later in 1915, Jinmen Islet and the Dadeng/Xiaodeng Islets were separated from the Siming County to form Jinmen County themselves. In the same year Nanlu Region, (which was changed to the name of Xiamen Region in 1914 but was abolished in 1925) was set up.
Today's Xiamen Harbor is the important foreign trade harbor. It has some ocean-going route to some other countries and places, such as Singapore, Japan, Macaw and so on. And passenger ships and cargo ships will go to Hong Kong ,Shanghai ,Guangzhou and so many other places. Since the foundation of the Special Economic Zone, Xiamen's road afforestation has been rapidly developing with the large-scaled urban development and construction, and especially in recent years, afforestation has always followed road construction closely.