Chapter II - Basic Educational System
Article 17 The state shall adopt a school education system including infant school education, primary education, secondary education and higher education. The state shall establish scientific school system. Regulations in regard to institution of schools and other educational institutions within the school system, forms of education, length of schooling, admissions requirements and educational objectives shall be formulated by the State Council or the departments in charge of educational administration so authorized by the State Council.
Article 18 The state shall adopt a nine-year compulsory education system. The People's government at different levels shall adopt every measure to ensure children and juveniles of school age to go to school. Parents and guardians of children and juveniles of school age and relevant social organizations or individuals shall have the duty to ensure that children and juveniles of school age complete the compulsory education of a prescribed length.
Article 19 The state shall adopt a vocational education system and an adult education system. The People's government at different levels, relevant administrative departments, enterprises and institutions shall adopt measures to develop and ensure for citizens vocational school education or vocational training in various forms. The state shall encourage the development of adult education in various forms and make sure that citizens receive proper forms of education in politics, economy, culture, science, technology, profession and whole life education as well.
Article 20 The state shall adopt a national examination system of education. The national educational examinations shall be categorized by the department in charge of educational administration under the State Council and be conducted by institutions authorized by the state to organize examinations.
Article 21 The state shall adopt a schooling credentials system. Schools and other educational institutions with the approval or consent of the state shall award schooling credentials or other schooling certificates according to corresponding regulations of the state.
Article 22 The state shall adopt a academic degree system. The units who confer academic degrees shall confer correspondent titles of academic degree upon people who have achieved certain academic standards or professional standards of technology and award the correspond academic credentials.
Article 23 The People's government at different levels, self-managed mass organizations at grass-roots level and organizations in enterprises and institutions shall take every measure to develop education to eliminate illiteracy. Citizens who according to the state statutes have the capacity to receive education intended for elimination of illiteracy shall receive such education.
Article 24 The state shall adopt educational inspection system and educational assessment system for schools and other educational institutions.