City Guide - Beijing
Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It covers 16,807.8 square kilometers. Mountainous areas occupy 10,417.5 square kilometers, accounting for 62% of the city's landmass. The rest, 6390.3 square kilometers or 38% of the total, are flatland. The municipality governs 14 urban districts and 4 rural counties.
Although now Beijing is a modern and fashionable city complete with a full 21st Century vitality, you can experience authentic Beijing life and become acquainted with 'old Beijing' by exploring its many teahouses, temple fairs, Beijing's Hutong and Courtyard and enjoy the Peking Opera.
With the biggest central square in the world - Tiananmen Square, the Forbidden City that is the largest and best-preserved imperial palace complex, a superbly preserved section of the Great Wall, as well as the largest sacrificial complex in the world - the Temple of Heaven, Beijing attracts both domestic and foreign visitors who all come to wonder at its century-old history and unique cultural relics.
The Capital Airport, for both international and domestic flights, is located 27 kilometers (16.8miles) north of the city center.
Airport: Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK)
Climate: The four seasons in Beijing are distinct. It is dry, windy and sandy in spring and hot and rainy in summer. Autumn is the best season in a year when the sky is blue; the air is crisp, mild and humid. However, winter is cold and dry with little snow. The average temperature throughout a year is 11.7 degrees Celsius. The average temperatures of the hottest month, July and the coldest month January range from 27 degrees Celsius and -4.6 degrees Celsius. The shorter seasons, spring (usually from February to April) and autumn (usually from August to October) are better seasons for visiting Beijing when it is sunny and warm with few tourists crowding in the attractions.
Something About Beijing: Zhongguancun Software Park
The Chinese Academy of Sciences, as well as a dozen famous colleges and universities, including Peking and Tsinghua University are located in Zhongguancun in Beijing's Haidian District. The area has a dynamic economy that focuses on the knowledge and information industries. The average age of the several hundred thousands of employees in Zhongguancun is about 30; and the area of Zhongguancun is popularly known as the Silicon Valley of China.
Similar to Silicon Valley in the United States, Zhongguancun is a product of the development of the market economy. The increasing use of computer and network technologies has accelerated the economic development of Zhongguancun.
In order to accelerate its development, the densely populated Zhongguancun Garden designed a new development pattern and established five subsidiary scientific and technological gardens. The Haidian Park, where the Zhongguancun Electronics Street is located, is responsible for the research and development of hi-tech products. It has set up the 1.8-square-kilometer Shangdi Information Industry Base and the 4-square-kilometer Yongfeng Experiment Base. The other four subsidiaries are the Fengtai Park, the Changping Park, the Yizhuang Scientific and Technological Park in the southern suburb, and the Electronics Park in the northeastern suburb. The Zhongguancun Park has become an important part of Beijing's economic development.
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