City Guide - Changsha


Located at Hunan Province, Changsha city is the provincial capital. Since about 150,000-200,000 years ago, there has been human activities in Changsha. The New Stone Age entered into the Longshan Culture Stage in about 2500 BC. It is said that the primogenitors called Yan emperor and Yellow emperor once came to Changsha.

Changsha was charged by the ancient country named Sanmiao in Xia Dynasty. In the end of Spring and Autumn periods of China, the force of the country named Chu (Jingchu) entered into Changsha. In the mid-term of Warring States periods of China, the country Chu carried out political reform so it was very powerful, doing large-scale military action to south of itself and the whole land of Hunan province being contained in the map of Chu, Changsha became an important military state in the south of Chu which built cities in Changsha.

The industries of this city are mainly machine building, food and textile. So far as the cigarette making industry is concerned, it is the important producing area. Liuyang is the biggest fireworks and fire-crackers producing area of China. The agriculture is developed here which abounds in producing rice, tea leaves, oranges, tangerines, rape, rapeseeds, peanut, day lily, live pig and fresh water fish etc. The tea leave output is among the top of the whole country.

Changsha city is the famous city of historical culture in China. Its Yuelu Academy of classical Learning was established in the Song Dynasty, being the first government run university in China. Besides, there are picturesque Yuelu Mountain and Jiezizhou (tangerine land) etc. scenic spots. Famous specialties of tradition are Xiangxiu ( Hunan embroidery), brass or copper wares, tea set, orange and tangerine etc.

Airport: Changsha Huanghua International Airport (CSX)

List of International Hospitals and Clinics in Changsha
List of Embassies and Consulates in China
Changsha Government Website
China Student Visa

Climate: The terrain of the Changsha city is high in the west and low in the east. There are many mountainous areas in the west and in the north, and the Xiangjiang River flows south to northwest. It belongs to monsoon climate of sub-tropical zone with annual average temperature being 17.5 degrees Celsius, annual average precipitation being 1387 mm., and frost-free period being 280 days. The average highest temperatures of the hottest months, July/August and lowest temperatures of the coldest month January range from 34 degrees Celsius and 2 degrees Celsius.

Something About Changsha: Tianxin Pavilion

Tianxin Pavilion is a pavilion standing on the ancient walls. It has been famous in Hunan area since ancient times. It is located on the ancient rampart of Changsha. It was built by the general of comforting the army Yang Xi in 1746, the 11th year of Qianlong Period in Qing Dynasty. It got its name from Shangshu (the Book of Documents). It covers a total area of 864 square meters, which was the tiptop of the city at that time. The existed pavilion was rebuilt in 1983, of the timberwork-like style, with brown tiles, painted pillars, three layers and corridor. The whole pavilion is of the distribution of arc. The main pavilion is supported by 60 wood pillars, with 32 copper bells, 10 kissing dragon. On the stone balusters at the front and back, there are 62 stone lions, as well as some stone carvings of carriage, horse, club, bamboo and lotus, showing the style and features of Changsha as a famous city of Chu and Han.

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Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University
The University of Nottingham Ningbo China