City Guide - Chengdu
With it's long history of over 2,300 years, Chengdu was proclaimed one of the 24 cultural and historical cities by the State Council at the first batch. Early in the 4th century BC, Kaiming IX, king of ancient Shu, moved the capital from Guangdu Fanxiang (now called Shuangliu) to Chengdu.
In 311 B.C, people of Qin Dynasty (221 BC-208 BC) built a protective wall around Chengdu city according to the construction standard practiced in Xianyang, capital of Qin Dynasty. Thus, the wall was erected with a height of 3.5 meters and a perimeter of 6 kilometers, marking the beginning of Chengdu City.
Through the history, Chengdu was a city densely covered by rivers and dotted with bridges, while trees grew in profusion and flowers bloomed all year around. No wonder that a traveler from France in the 19th century praised Chengdu as Oriental Paris. Over 2,000 years, Chengdu has remained a city of military importance in Southwest China on politics, economy and military affairs.
During the Eight-year Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945), many associations, societies and celebrities moved to Chengdu, added later by another 27 colleges and Universities, thus making Chengdu a cultural center at that time. Between 1945 and 1949, with the liberation in Southwest China, many cadres came to Sichuan from all over China. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, when three important railways were under construction in Southwest China, a large number of professionals and other technicians were transferred into Chengdu to offer help.
Todays, Chengdu is a railroad hub in South-west China, and has convenient highway and air transport. Chengdu is now the center of science and technology, commerce, finance as well as communication and transport in Southwest China.
Airport: Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (CTU)
Climate: Chengdu is mountainous in the north-west area, with plains in the south-east area, and low hills in-between. It has a sub-tropical climate with an annual average temperature of 16.2 degrees Celsius, and rainfall of 1.000 millimeters, and a frost-free period of about 300 days. The average highest temperatures of the hottest months, July/August and the lowest temperatures of the coldest month January range from 31 degrees Celsius and 3 degrees Celsius.
Something About Chengdu: Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding
The giant panda is a rare and beloved animal that only inhabits the six major mountain ranges in Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces of China. With a population of less than 2000, the species is included on the endangered list by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and is protected by China’s Wildlife Protective Law as the special-class protected animal. Giant pandas are appreciated and cherished by humans the world over; their familiar black and white faces and rounded ears endearing them to children and adults alike. Because of its prominent scientific research value, endangered status, and delightful viewing value, the giant panda is considered a national treasure of China. Though small in number, giant pandas have visited many countries and served as envoys of friendship from China to the world.
In order to rescue and protect the endangered giant panda species, the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding was established in March 1987 with the mission to further the research and conservation carried out by the Chengdu Zoo. Its formation was sanctioned by Chengdu’s municipal government and came under the support structures of the Ministry of Housing and Urban – Rural Development of the People’s Republic of China (formerly the Ministry of Construction), the State Forestry Administration, PRC (formerly State Forestry Department), and conservation organizations like the Chinese Association of Zoological Gardens and China Wildlife Conservation Association. With the aim of promoting Chengdu as “The Home Land of The Giant Panda,” the Chengdu Zoo has worked tirelessly since the 1950s. Now the Chengdu Panda Base has taken up the causes of research, breeding, and conservation among the giant panda population. The Base’s geographic location and excellent technological and professional resources allow it to carry out the ex-situ (off-site) conservation efforts and to improve the artificial reproduction procedures to increase the giant panda population. When population levels have reached desired levels, the Chengdu Panda Base will shift its efforts toward helping giant pandas adapt to their natural habitats so can be released into the wild and repopulate their native homeland.
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