City Guide - Lanzhou
Lanzhou is the capital city of Gansu Province in northwestern China. The Yellow River runs through Lanzhou, ensuring rich crops of many juicy and fragrant fruits. The city is the transportation and telecommunication center of the region. Covering an area of 1631.6 square kilometers, Lanzhou used to be a key city on the ancient Silk Road. In ancient times, Lanzhou is known as Jincheng (Golden City).
Lanzhou is located between the Gaolan and the White Pagoda mountains. Branches of the Yellow River divide the city into several parts, giving Lanzhou a unique layout. The Yellow River flows through the city proper. Lanzhou has one of the largest oil refineries in the country and a gas-diffusion plant for processing plutonium. It is the center of China's atomic energy industry, and one of China's leading petrochemical and nuclear power centers. Today’s Lanzhou is a modern petrochemical industrial powerhouse, a science research center, and a land of melons and fruits. Lanzhou has emerged as a commercial and trade center in northwest China.
Lanzhou is also the center of tourism of the entire Gansu Province. The traditional tourist attractions include the green corridor of Binghe Road, the Bingling Temple, the Provincial Museum, the Mountain of Five Springs, the Lanshan Park, the Xinglong Mountain in Yuzhong County.
Airport: Lanzhou Zhongchuan Airport (LHW)
Climate: Lanzhou has a semi-arid climate, characterized by dryness and abundant sunlight. The annual average temperature is about 9.3 degree Celsius. Winter is long and cold with relatively little snow and rain. Spring is transient with sharp temperature swings. Summer is short and hot, but not sweltering. Autumn temperatures drop rapidly from their peak in July.
Something About Lanzhou: Iron Bridge of Yellow River
Iron Bridge of Yellow River, also known as Zhongshan Bridge, lies at the foot of Bai Ta Mountain and in front of Jin Cheng Pass in Lanzhou city, the capital of Gansu Province. Before Iron Bridge of Yellow River, was built there were many floating bridges over the Yellow River, but only one existed for a relatively long period. This bridge was called Zhen Yuan Floating Bridge and was made up of more than 20 ships, tied up by ropes and chains. It floated on the river in order to help people pass over, but it was neither solid nor safe enough. Almost every year floods destroyed the bridge or even killed people. Problem also arose in the winter, when ice would build up on the river, so the bridge would have to undergo the costly process of being disassembled and then re-built in the spring. Used for over 500 years, the Zhen Yuan Floating Bridges was finally retired in 1909, when an iron bridge was built.
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