Peking University, commonly known in Chinese as "Beida", was established in 1898, and is one of the oldest universities in China. Peking University was originally named as the Imperial University of Beijing. It was the first national comprehensive university in China, as well as the supreme administrative organ for education in China at that time. Peking University’s campus, known as "Yan Yuan" (the garden of Yan), is situated at Haidian District in the western suburb of Beijing, with a total area of 274 hectares. It stands near to the Yuanmingyuan Garden and the Summer Palace.
The establishment of Peking University marked the beginning of China's modern history of higher education. It was in 1912, after the Revolution of 1911, that the university came to adopt its present name. At the end of last century, Peking University was placed, by the Chinese government, on the top of the agenda for promoting higher education, with a view to make it a world-class university in the 21st century.
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Peking University has effectively combined research on important scientific subjects with the training of personnel with a high level of specialized knowledge and professional skill as demanded by the country's socialist modernization. It strives not only for improvements in teaching and research work, but also for the promotion of interaction and mutual promotion among various disciplines.
Peking University has continually played the essential role of pioneer in the course of China's progress towards modernization. The university's traditional values of patriotism, progress, democracy, and science, together with the educational style of diligence, exactitude, truthfulness, and innovation, have been passed down from generation to generation.
With an efficient and democratic administration laying emphasis on scientific research and academic freedom, the university has hitherto trained a large number of people with various specialties. Thus Peking University has become a center for teaching and research and a university of a new type, embracing diverse branches of learning such as basic and applied sciences, social sciences and the humanities, and sciences of medicine, management, and education.
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(Source: Peking University)
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